Things are seldom what they seem. Sometimes the distance between what we think we see and what is actually there is the result of personal prejudices. Sometimes it’s influenced by a kind of factual gerrymandering created by official sources and reinforced by the media. Most vacationers, for example would choose Carnival-happy Brazil in a moment over drug war-scarred Mexico. Unless they knew that Mexico has only 11 homicides per 100,000 people while halcyon Brazil is a murder leader with 31 homicides per 100,000 – a fact that seldom appears on Rio brochures or on our own six o’clock news.
And so it is here in America, where our own perceptions of unemployment and poverty often clash with the facts. The official calculation for the number of people out of work puts it at a single-digit — nine percent — while in California it nips at the heels of 13 percent. At least, those jobless people are the ones who get counted. The government-supplied figure does not include citizens who have given up looking for work or those who fly under the radar completely and were never counted in the first place. And in selected demographics – say, African American males below the age of 30 – the unemployment rate in certain neighborhoods runs to 30 percent.
And what of the poor population? The L.A. Times and other newspapers recently pointed out that the just-released 2010 U.S. Census Bureau figures show that nearly one American in six lives below the federal poverty line, which is defined as an annual income of $22,314 for a family of four.
But that’s not the perception anyone would get by watching TV, whose images almost uniformly reflect an American that is middle class or even upper-middle class. There, we are presented to ourselves as rich or rising. No characters in a sitcom or family drama are stuck in a dead-end job – or without a job, period. No families double up on housing (unless it is one of those exposé stories that always have a happy ending). Gossip Girls never go to school hungry.
Finally, what about officially-endorsed perceptions of the cost of living? We are told that there will be no Social Security cost of living bumps because, well, this recession is delivering no inflation. In fact – we’re told again — we’ve just barely escaped deflation. Except that anyone who bought groceries recently or pumped gas in the car knows that the prices in both places aren’t down.
So the reality is that it does cost us more to live in America. But the perception – created by officialdom and reinforced by what gets written in the press and shown to us on TV screens – is just the opposite. Just as Brazil is less safe than Mexico, so does poverty run deeper than acknowledged and unemployment is spiralling higher than announced.
Apparently, to know what is really happening requires reading not just between the lines, but behind the lines.