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The War Against One Sanctuary City

A fight over sanctuary cities is brewing in one of them — tiny Cudahy, located in Southeast Los Angeles County. Anti-immigrant groups hope to choke off municipal funds to punish the city, even if the Trump administration fails in its attempts to do so. BY ROBIN UREVICH

Robin Urevich

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Anti-sanctuary protesters in Cudahy. (All photos by Joanne Kim)

Anti-immigrant activist Joseph Turner: “We were stoked. We were happy. We said they self-deported themselves out of the council chambers.”


A fight over sanctuary cities is brewing in one of them — tiny Cudahy, located in Southeast Los Angeles County. Anti-immigrant groups hope to choke off municipal funds to punish the city, even if the Trump administration fails in its attempts to do so.

“We believe we can defund these sanctuary cities by targeting the utility users tax,” Joseph Turner of American Children First,  said in a video posted on Facebook. “We can’t wait for the federal government to act. I’m a firm believer in bottom up activism,” Turner later told Capital & Main. He hopes Cudahy residents will vote to repeal the utilities tax needed for city services, if offered a chance through a ballot measure.

For Turner, Cudahy is an ideal testing ground for his measure because of the city’s size and the paucity of eligible voters. He said it would take just 62 signatures to qualify the initiative for the ballot, and some $200 to run a campaign. Cudahy City Attorney Richard Padilla said he couldn’t immediately verify the signature gathering requirement.

A utility users tax repeal would squeeze Cudahy’s already tight finances because the tax accounts for about $1.5 million — some 13 percent — of the city’s budget, said City Councilman Cristian Markovich. The tax imposes a 3.75 percent levy on telecommunications for residents and four percent for electricity, gas, trash hauling and water. Non-residents pay eight percent for all of those services.

“We would be in jeopardy of the streets becoming unsafe,” Markovich said.

Cudahy is the county’s second-smallest city, but one of the most densely populated, where some 24,000 people live in tiny apartments, trailer parks and small single-family homes in a 1.2-square-mile area choked with pollution from the nearby 710 freeway and factories. In 2010, a massive corruption and bribery scandal sent two city councilmen to prison, but otherwise what happens in the gritty working class town goes largely unnoticed. Now, however, the 96 percent Latino city, one of the bluest places in deep blue Los Angeles County, is ground zero for a fight against sanctuary cities and a proving ground for Turner’s new strategy of going after the utility users tax. It is also the scene of a comeback for Turner, a longtime anti-immigrant activist who has resurfaced after nearly a decade away from political life.

Turner’s Save Our State sponsored a measure in San Bernardino in 2006 that would have barred landlords from renting to undocumented immigrants, and would have effectively prohibited employers from hiring them. That measure did not qualify for the city ballot. The Southern Poverty Law Center had named Save Our State a hate group when it surfaced in 2005.

“He was making racist statements. He was saying there was nothing wrong with white supremacy,” said Heidi Beirich, who monitors hate groups for the SPLC.

“I give zero fucks what anybody says about me being a racist,” Turner told Capital & Main.

He has said that he’s never used racist epithets or “done the Hitler salute.” Still, his statements have attracted attention from the SPLC and other hate-group watchdogs like the Anti-Defamation League. The ADL quoted Turner in a 2009 article saying, “I’ll be damned if I am going to sit back and watch my state turn into a Third World cesspool.”

Pro-sanctuary demonstrators. Pro-sanctuary demonstrators.

Turner, joined the fray in Cudahy just last month, when he attended a May 22 city council meeting along with other anti-immigrant activists.

“The response of the Cudahy City Council was so awesome from our perspective,” he said. “If you’re trying to get a reaction, you feed off that. You push their buttons.”

For months, a group called We the People Rising has descended on the city, unsuccessfully demanding it renounce its sanctuary status. The group also regularly crashes meetings in nearby Huntington Park to protest the appointment of two undocumented residents to city commissions nearly two years ago.

The Cudahy City Council’s 2015 move to declare itself a sanctuary city was purely symbolic since the County Sheriff’s Department, which makes its own policies on cooperation with immigration authorities, polices the city. Sheriff Jim McDonnell  has said immigration is a federal responsibility, and deputies will not inquire about immigration status. Cudahy’s city council meetings have been so raucous and confrontational over the sanctuary issue, the council moved the meetings from city hall to a larger community center, where council members could escape through a back door if necessary.

“This anarchy will continue as long as there are sanctuary cities,” frequent demonstrator Arthur Schaper was recorded on a cellphone video yelling at Cudahy’s May council meeting.

The council has responded by limiting the time residents can speak, raising the emotional temperature of already tense meetings. Recently, some of the Cudahy protesters have also shouted down town hall meetings hosted by Democratic members of Congress Lou Correa, Nannette Barragan and Maxine Waters. The protesters at times have declared victory for shutting down council meetings altogether, but they’ve scored no concrete political wins.

The utility users tax could be different. Turner points out his measure would be the first to attempt to pressure city officials to rescind a sanctuary designation. Last year, anti-tax TeaPac activists tried to repeal utility user taxes in Glendale and Arcadia but were defeated by large margins.

Still, Cudahy could be fertile ground for Turner, because of the town’s small size and the presence of a potential ally on the Cudahy city council.

Cudahy City CouncilCudahy City Council, June 12.

Councilman Jack Guerrero, 42, a self-described conservative Republican, was student body president at Bell High School, graduated from Stanford where, he said, he studied under Condoleeza Rice, and later earned a Harvard MBA. Guerrero is not only an outlier as a Republican elected official in town. He’s also an unlikely local resident.

Guerrero is a certified public accountant and former investment banker whose resume includes stints with American Express, KPMG and Ernst and Young in San Francisco, New York and Zurich. Cudahy is a town where the median income is just over $38,000, among the lowest in Los Angeles County, and more than a third of its residents haven’t completed ninth grade. Guerrero said that at 17, he wanted to get as far away from Cudahy as possible. He said the city was gang-ridden, and he saw lots of drug use and domestic violence.

But like his council colleagues, all young college graduates, Guerrero returned to Cudahy after the corruption scandal and ran for office vowing to wipe out graft and usher in a new era of openness in the city. Guerrero served as mayor and worked with his Democratic colleagues at first, City Councilman Markovich said. But now an all-out feud exists between the four Democrats and Guerrero, the sole Republican.

Markovich, who said he and Guerrero were once friends who visited each other’s homes and exchanged Christmas gifts, said Guerrero turned on his fellow council members several years ago. Markovich said Guerrero has refused his peace overtures and declines to work with his council colleagues on basic issues like the budget. Guerrero argued it’s the other way around. His colleagues refuse to appoint him to committees, he said. He accuses them of corruption, a charge that resonates in Cudahy because of the city’s recent history. The only formal charge that’s been leveled, however, was a 2016 Brown Act violation for which the district attorney’s office issued a letter saying the council broke the law during a February 2, 2016 meeting “by repeatedly interrupting public comment and not allowing members of the public to criticize the city council.”

Guerrero denied a relationship with the rowdy band of protesters who regularly attend council meetings, but the group recently posted a video, made following Schaper’s June 7 arrest for disturbing the peace in Huntington Park, in which a woman said that Guerrero had called because he was “concerned.” Guerrero denied calling the protesters and said he simply phoned a resident to find out what had happened at the meeting.

The protesters, however, embrace Guerrero while excoriating his colleagues. A YouTube video shows the bespectacled Guerrero rising from his seat on the dais, striding to “the people’s podium” microphone near the audience and giving a rousing speech about corruption in English and Spanish. In another video of a council meeting, two members are absent, and Guerrero announces he too is leaving the meeting because he is tired of “bailing out” his colleagues.

The crowd erupts in cheers at the resulting lack of a quorum, and the meeting ends with activist Schaper bellowing that “brown supremacists” created chaos and broke up the meeting.

“We were stoked. We were happy,” Joseph Turner said. “We laughed. We said they self-deported themselves out of the council chambers.”

It’s unclear whether Guerrero would join the utility users tax fight. In an interview he said he doesn’t know how he would vote on repeal of the utility tax. “I have a lot of due diligence questions,” he said. “It’s very premature.” But Guerrero added that he has never voted for a tax increase in his life. “I’m skeptical of government efforts to extract money from the people.”

If Guerrero did join Turner in backing the measure, he would likely bring along some local supporters. And he could raise his profile among conservative Californians. Guerrero’s support might also soften Turner’s reputation as a combative white supremacist. Guerrero said his parents, immigrants from Mexico, worked on farms and later in factories. He added he abstained from the council’s sanctuary vote, and stressed that he supports legal immigration and would welcome more of it “aligned with the economic needs of the country.”

As for getting back to business as usual in Cudahy, Councilman Markovich said he doesn’t see an end to the conflict.

“Who knows when this group meddling in other towns will fold up shop?” he said. “They now have a platform and a voice, and that voice is running the country.”

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